What is hypertension and how to choose medications

According to world statistics, cardiovascular diseases are the leaders in mortality and disability among the mature and elderly. And one of the most common problems is hypertension – high blood pressure. Is it possible to find the best pills for high blood pressure, so they help to achieve the cherished values of 120/80?

Blood pressure is one of the basic indicators of health, which reflects not only the cardiovascular system, but also the activity of the kidneys, endocrine organs, hematopoiesis and the nervous system. Therefore, hypertension is a very general concept, reflecting episodic or persistent increase in pressure. Therefore, there is simply no universal and one-size-fits-all medicine “for pressure”. You can not come to the pharmacy and ask “give me blood pressure pills,” because the pharmacist will immediately ask – what kind of medicine your doctor prescribed, what specific medicine you need? After all, now there are many medications for hypertension, heart medication and other drugs.

The best tablets for high blood pressure: are they there?

First of all, let’s say that there is hypertension:

  • Primary, that is, it is considered an independent pathology in which high blood pressure is a leading symptom. Often this pathology is called the term hypertension or essential hypertension. It can be mild, moderate and severe, with crises and the threat of serious, fatal complications.
  • Secondary, when the increase in pressure is just one of many other symptoms, such as diseases of the kidneys, nervous system, thyroid gland, adrenal glands.

Accordingly, it is already clear that there is no single method of treatment for hypertension. Therefore, pills from a high blood pressure doctor selects individually, from a huge variety of drugs that are sold today in pharmacies, both over-the-counter and strictly on prescription. Many of the drugs that were used 30-50 years ago are out of circulation, they are not included in modern therapy protocols because of the risk of side effects and complications. Some of the drugs that actively reduce blood pressure are used only by emergency physicians, administered intravenously or intramuscularly in hypertensive crises.

Hypertension is a chronic progressive disease, and its treatment must be continuous. To maintain the indicators within safe limits, you need to choose the best cheap blood pressure medication, but this should be done only after making an accurate diagnosis and only together with a general practitioner or cardiologist.

Why can my blood pressure rise?

Healthy people have a slight increase in pressure during physical and emotional exertion, but do not exceed the established norms of 110-120/75-80. If we are talking about people with hypertension, they have two variants of high blood pressure:

  • In primary (essential) hypertension is the influence of heredity, a tendency to hypertension on the background of an unhealthy lifestyle, bad habits, unhealthy diet, which leads to excess weight. Plus stress, the environment, lack of sleep and activity. All this adversely affects the heart and vascular tone. Pressure rises imperceptibly at first, and then it becomes more and more expressed.
  • There is another variant – secondary hypertension. This increase in pressure due to problems with the kidneys, liver, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, brain and pituitary gland, pheochromocytoma (tumor that produces hormones). In this case, if the underlying cause is identified and treated, blood pressure returns to normal and then does not rise.